Key Differences Between Executors and Trustees

These two roles have subtle differences. Depending on how an estate is structured, there may be both an executor and a trustee, who may or may not be the same person.

man and woman reviewing paperwork

When you're structuring an estate plan—or when you're going through the process of settling an estate—you'll want to consider the roles executors and trustees play. Depending on how an estate is structured, each may play an important role. 

When it comes to responsibilities, there are a few key similarities. Both executors and trustees are: 

  • Typically responsible for disbursing assets to beneficiaries.
  • Responsible for paying taxes.
  • Supposed to remain faithful to the wishes of the deceased.

The differences, however, can be more pronounced.

the role of executor

The role of executor

An executor, often a close family member or friend of the deceased, is responsible for distributing the estate (property, assets, possessions) based on the will. (See "How Not to Choose an Executor."

When an executor's role begins 

The executor's role starts based on state-specific probate requirements, such as the need for a certificate to be issued by a court concluding the will of the deceased is legally valid.

Duties of an executor 

An executor:

  • Reviews provisions of the will and locates heirs.
  • Discusses preliminary probate steps with an attorney.
  • Must safeguard and marshal the probate assets in the estate.
  • Manages the process of probate court oversight, which may include getting the court's permission to sell and distribute real estate assets.
  • Obtains nonprobate asset information such as assets in trust that are payable upon death and those with beneficiary designations such as life insurance. 
  • Serves as an executor for life.

the role of trustee

The role of trustee

A trustee is a designated estate manager who also assumes the roles of overseeing distribution of a trust, or account that holds finances or assets for distribution.

When a trustee's role begins 

A trustee's role starts when an appointment is accepted in writing, which could be when the original trustee dies or resigns.

Duties of a trustee

A trustee:

  • Must identify, safeguard, and marshal assets titled in the trust's name or payable to the trust.
  • Administers the trust and is responsible to its beneficiaries (normally without oversight).
  • Monitors assets for quality and preservation, recognizing near-term distribution requirements.
  • Monitors and manages ongoing trusts to meet beneficiaries' needs.
  • May be required to keep the trust operational for the surviving spouse's lifetime or for one or more beneficiaries.

Images by iStock

What can Wells Fargo do for you?

You want to leave a mark during your life and for generations after. Wells Fargo Conversations highlights relevant options.

Wells Fargo & Company and its affiliates do not provide legal advice. Well Fargo Advisors is not a tax or legal advisor. Please consult your tax or legal advisors before taking any action that may have tax or legal consequences and to determine how this information may apply to your own situation. 

Estate plans need to be prepared and reviewed by an attorney who specializes in estate planning and is licensed to practice estate law in your state.

This information is provided for educational and illustrative purposes only.

Newsletter

Sign up to receive monthly email updates of what’s new at Wells Fargo Conversations.

Please submit a valid email address.

Thanks for subscribing!

You should receive a confirmation email shortly.

Your privacy is important. Read our privacy policy.